HIV/AIDS prevention in Indonesia and Papua

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14 dec, 2004

De SDSP heeft in 2004 een onderzoek laten verrichten naar de achtergronden van de HIV/AIDS epidemie in Papua op zowel nationaal als regionaal niveau.  

Lezen? Download dan het Compilation Report HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Indonesia and Papua  (opent in nieuw tabblad) 

Introduction

Recent development of AIDS epidemic in Papua has been a major concern for Foundation for Sustainable Development in Papua Barat (SDSP).

Already stagnated by high-rate of children mortality, fast growing AIDS epidemic in the island threats to reverse the population growth of indigenous Papuan. The existing prevention effort from both regional government and local Non-Government Organisations (NGO’s) seem to be insufficient to just slow down the further spread of the HIV virus in all layers of Papua population, especially among indigenous Papuan. As identified in the research project conducted by Leslie Butt in 2001, lack of knowledge of the local culture of indigenous people as well as ineffective Anti-AIDS campaign were two among other reasons. Nevertheless, the experience from other highly infected population in some countries in Africa, such as Uganda, has shown that it is not too late to halt and even to reverse the growth of the epidemic.

Having been experienced in many rural and urban medical projects in Papua, among others mother-and-child healthcare project in Gam and Yaniruma, Eye Operations project in Jayapura and Hospital project in Sorong, SDSP prepares to join in the fight against the AIDS epidemic together with the local NGO’s. Following this plan, in October 2004 SDSP assigned Arista B Batara-Goa, a current trainee in SDSP from Inholland University for Professional Education Haarlem, to gather existing data available about this epidemic, both in the national and regional level.

This report is compiled from various sources through the use of Internet. It is intended to provide indepth information about HIV/AIDS epidemic for people without pre-knowledge about AIDS. The content consists of three parts. The first part gives all basic information about HIV and AIDS that is necessary to understand the nature of the epidemic. The second part describes how the epidemic has spread in Indonesia, as well as the prevention effort taken by the government and NGO’s with the support of international funding institutions in the national level. Understanding the national background of the epidemic and the prevention policy taken against it is necessary to know the background of HIV/AIDS Prevention program in Papua. In the last part, you will find the current situation of the epidemic in Papua region and also analysis of the nature of the rapid epidemic spread among indigenous Papuan from the research conducted by Leslie Butt. The list of local AIDS related NGO’s in Papua provided in the appendix might be incomplete. However, it can be a starting point to gain more practical information and to build an organisation network in Papua.

I would like to specially thank Wouter Bronsgeest, the Director of SDSP, for helping me to review the content of the report and Elisia Suwandy, my fellow student in Inholland, for checking the further spelling and grammatical mistake in the report. I would also thank all of my team members in SDSP who have indirectly contributed to this report by simply devoting themselves to the mission of SDSP. It is my hope that this report will contribute much to the fight against HIV/AIDS epidemic in Papua.

Arista B Batara-Goa

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